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William Lilly's list of planet-mineral correspondences     Compiled by Deborah Houlding from C.A. pp.57-83


The hyacinth (a semi-precious stone also known as jacinth. It is a lustrous orange-yellow, orange-red, or yellow-brown type of zircon. Sometimes, topaz and garnets of this colour are also referred to as hyacinth and a hyacinth opal is one that is yellow or orange).

Chrysolite (a broad term. In Victorian times, it included chrysoberyls, which range from yellow to brown and include the 'cats eye' which features a bright, pupil-like slit that seems to move slightly as the stone is moved. Chrysolite can also refer to peridot, a yellow-green semi-precious stone, and in Lilly's day probably referred to most yellowish gems. Also listed under Venus)

Adamant (also listed under Mars. Generally this refers to a lustrous diamond. The word adamant means 'invincible' or 'impenetrable', and was applied to extremely hard minerals. The Webster Dictionary, 1913 defines it as "a precious stone or gem excelling in brilliancy and beautiful play of prismatic colours, and remarkable for extreme hardness".)

Carbuncle (dark red garnet.)

The etites stone found in eagle's nests -the following quote was found on the Natural Magick website :

Eagle-stone - Etite, a variety of argillaceous oxyd of iron, occurring in masses varying from the size of a walnut to that of a man's head. Their form is spherical, oval or nearly reniform, or sometimes like a parallelopiped with rounded edges and angles. They have a rough surface, and are essentially composed of concentric layers. These nodules often embrace at the centre a kernel or nucleus, sometimes movable, and always differing from the exterior in colour, density and fracture. To these hollow nodules the ancients gave the name of eagle-stones, from an opinion that the eagle transported them to her nest to facilitate the laying of her eggs.

The Ruby


Silver (also listed under Jupiter p.217)

Selenite (also known as 'moonstone').

All soft stones

Crystals (Crystal is also listed under Jupiter)


Quicksilver (also known as 'mercury').

The milestone (presumably, stones used besides roads as markers of distances to travel).

Marcasite or fire-stone (flint. Marcasite is also listed under Venus)

The achates (agates)

Topaz (also listed under Jupiter)

Vitriol (a sulphate of metals such as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt, etc., given a glassy appearance, -vitreous means glass-like- by the distillation of green vitriol. In alchemy, the word 'vitriol' was used as an acronym for the Latin phrase; Visita Interiora Terrae Rectificando Invenies Occultem Lapidem - which translates as 'visit the interior of the Earth, by rectification you will find the Hidden Stone').

All stones of diverse colours


Copper, brass, all lattenware. (Brass is also listed under Mars on p.216)


The sky-coloured sapphire

White and red coral

Marcasite (also listed under Mercury)


Lapis lazuli (because it expels melancholy) (also listed under Saturn)

The beryl

Chrysolite(also listed under Sun. See note above).


Iron (Iron is also listed under Saturn on p.354).

Antimony and arsenic

Brimstone (sulphur)


Adamant (also listed under the Sun - see note above)

Loadstone (a magnetite which is naturally magnetic).



The many coloured amethyst

The touchstone (a hard black stone, such as jasper or basalt, formerly used to test the quality of gold or silver by comparing the streak left on the stone by one of these metals with that of a standard alloy).

Red lead or vermilion

Glass (page 216).




The sapphire (also listed under Saturn)

The smarage or emerald

Hyacinth (also listed under the Sun - see note above)

Topaz (also listed under Mercury)

Crystal (also listed under Moon)

Bezoar (a concretion formed in the stomach of animals, usually from goats; formerly used to draw out poisons. )


That which in England we call freestone (Any fine-grained stone, such as sandstone or limestone, that can be worked in any direction without breaking).

Oil (page 354).


Lead and the lead-stone

The dross of all metals

Sapphire (also listed under Jupiter)

Lapis lazuli (also listed under Venus)

All black, ugly country stones not polishable

© Deborah Houlding. September 2005

See also:
Astrology and Gemmology
by Komilla Sutton

Traditional Significations of the Planets:

The Astrology of Colour
by David McCann
Planets and Metals
by Nick Kollerstrom