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The nature of Venus is cold, moist, phlegmatic, temperate, a fortune. And she signifies women and the mother and younger sisters, also beauty and clothing and ornaments, also gold and silver. And amiability toward friends, and admiration and elation, also pride and boasting, a love of singing and amusement and laughing, ornamentation and joy and happiness, dancing and playing the pipes, singing and plucking the strings of the lute. Even nuptials, and fragrances and what is pleasant, and amiability in the composing of songs, and the games of dice and chess. Also leisure and being dissolute and intoxication, and buffoonery, and resisting the people, and the sons of fornication, and every male or female fornicator or singer or one having fun with different kinds of amusements. And she signifies a multitude of perjuries and lies. Also wine and honey and every intoxicating drink, and a multitude of sexual intercourse of diverse kinds …And she signifies the love of children and the love of people, and endearment towards them, and trust in everyone. And being dutiful and gracious, and generosity and liberality, and freedom, and the beauty of character, good looks and flirting, and receiving, and light and splendor, and the sweetness of speech, and femininity, and flirting and fondness and ridicule and rejection, and the strength of the body and weakness of the soul, and an abundance of flesh on the body, and multitude of pleasure in every matter. And she rejoices with every thing and seeks every thing and is eager for it. And she signifies types of masteries: the doing of clean and admirable things, also the arranging of wedding ceremonies and their decoration, and the wearing of crowns, and images and colors, and dyers and seamstresses. And houses of worship, and honesty, and adherence to religion, and becoming holy, and justice and fairness, and scales and measures, and the love of shopping and clothing, and commerce in it with pleasant things.
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[From Gr. Intr. VII.9.1510-39]

Benjamin's Dykes' published work also contains introductions and footnoted annotations. For a pdf extract of material from various sections of his text see here.

About the author:
Benjamin N. Dykes PhD received his PhD in Philosophy from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He has eight years' experience as a college instructor, concentrating on the ancient and medieval philosophy that informs much ancient and medieval astrology, and many years' experience in ritual practice in the Western Mystery Tradition, including the Golden Dawn, Wicca, and Thelema.

Since earning his Diploma of Medieval Astrology studying with Robert Zoller, Ben has been active in translating and publishing works that focus upon medieval astrological techniques. His own text, Using Medieval Astrology is available through his website at In additional to Introductions to Astrology: Abu Ma'Shar & Al-Qabisi Ben has also recently translated three volumes on Persian Nativities, The Book of Astronomy by Guido Bonatti and The Works of Sahl and Masha'allah.

© The article made available on this page is copyrighted to Benjamin Dykes and is offered here for private, non-commercial use. Permission must be sought for reproduction. Published online September 2011.

Also by Ben Dykes:

Extracts from Persian Nativities Vols. I, II & III
MASHA’ALLAH: What is reception?
Translation of Guido Bonatti's treatise on 4th House Elections
Happiness in Medieval Astrology
An Interview with Benjamin Dykes