" Psychologically, Mars is the assertive and self-determining factor that allows us to survive
and express our humanness openly and fearlessly. It is a very clear energy - purposeful,
not complicated by emotion and mindset. "
Mythological themes lay as symbols rooted in the collective history of humanity,
representing motifs that influence the nature of the individual in what Jung called 'primordial
images'. He later used the word 'archetypes' which means to express the historical
and ancient character of these images. As time passes,
different cultural input alters the primary image and cultural exchanges overlay it,
yet, the core archetype remains pure.
In using myth to express these archetypes, we tap into a huge storehouse of cultural information
that colours our understanding. Sometimes however, the information and imagery has been altered and
reworked and politically manipulated until the archetype no longer resembles the original energy.
As the 'gods' of various cultures overlay it with personified images, the core is covered and
recedes deeper into the collective unconscious, only occasionally rising through the
over-layers in its purest form.
One such altered image is that of Mars - the classic 'bad guy' of astrology, and,
through its attachment to 'ego' considered by many to be an undesirable part of the psychic
process; one to be subdued, civilised and pacified. Not so, in my opinion. The core meaning of
Mars is energy, pure and simple, without conscience, value judgement, attachment, thought,
principles, emotions or concern for civility; just a clear and constant source of action and
vitality. The creative Mars energy emanates from the symbolic Sun,
source of perpetual vitality and the sacred self.
It takes considerable clarity of purpose to delve beyond mythic images and reach the
primordial roots. To get back to the archetypal model we need to be familiar with more than one
mythic influence, though to trace its meaning in human terms we often come up with
conflicting metaphors. What we really see are the many facets of the over-layers of meaning.
In this, we can understand both the positive face and the negative face of each
planetary model. This is the raw material that we work with, since we carry these images
deep within our own psyches; we cannot rationalise the primordial roots, only experience them.
The core model is instinctive, natural, and along with all other archetypal forces - uncomplicated.
It does not think, feel or act except under the direction of the 'self'.
So what are the images that myth has presented to give us a sense of the colour of Mars?
The Romans adulated and revered the god of conquest, Mars, son of Jupiter.
The Greeks expressed him in their myths as the hated warmongering Ares, son of Zeus,
and as the egotistical Herakles, the Hero of divine parentage and mortal desires. We can see Mars
as the principle of primeval propogation of nature in the images of Shiva, in Christian culture
as Adam, in Egyptian as Osiris. In all myths, there is a common thread - that of the Divine parent
creating a physical being. Mars then is the manifest expression of the 'Will of the Divine'
in various forms.
It is through Mars that the 'Divine Self' expresses its will and capacity to survive on earth.
It is the tool (pardon the pun) by which the Divine seeds humanity, so it is with little
surprise that the various cults of Mars, in different forms, will always include a phallus.
Psychologically, Mars is the assertive and self-determining factor that allows us to survive
and express our humanness openly and fearlessly. It is a very clear energy - purposeful,
not complicated by emotion and mindset. At best, it allows us to be assertive without aggression,
to be forthright without being offensive, and to relate to others by being able to express our
point of view without clouding the right of another to express theirs. It is willpower and
self-determination, the desire to experience life and initiate activity.
Wholeness must take account of a bright consciousness as well as a nurtured inner life.
There is no hope for, or sense of, completeness if we are not aware of and able to identify with the
life around us. While we may all seek to improve ourselves by doing 'inner work', we absolutely
must pay attention to the real world of humans living in a human world, where survival might means to
assert ourselves. Earning a place in that world and creating new life is part of what Mars is about,
so whole life experience must honour Mars as the force and drive to achievement in the world.
Mars describes our capacity to defend our personal sensibilities, but does not describe our sensibilities.
They are the bailiwick of other archetypal forms. It can enable us to do so with the precision of a
well trained soldier who does the bidding of the 'Divine King or Divine Queen' embedded in the Sun
archetype. We might liken Mars' role to that of the trusty Knight (son) who unfailingly gives his
loyalty to his Lord or Lady -the 'Son of the Divine' in human form, on earth to perform a quest and
always at the bidding of the Divine. If the motives of the Divine Self are pure, then Mars acts out
the will as pure spirit.
In being clear about Mars as controlled by and serving the Divine Self, without question,
its energy does not need to manifest in the guise of renegade, terrorist or mercenary because we
become aware of its usefulness. Mars suppressed and unrecognised, not allowed free expression,
is undervalued, not 'favored' by the King or Queen-Self and so cannot do its job.
It is essential that we recognise our capacity for militancy and give it proper honour.
Symbolically, Mars' job is to defend, and at times attack, the fearsome dragons that litter our life
paths - to take issue with the real 'bad guys' but to do so in a well trained, elegant and manifestly
honorable way. Achievement of creative goals needs to be appropriate to the Will of the Divine Self.
Mars expressed as rage or anger is inappropriate. Regardless of the primitive, brutal force embedded
in its meaning. Mars as the killer is not clear archetypal imagery because anger implies
emotion and Mars is not about emotion but pure action and energy. Emotion blurs the edges.
The core energy of Mars is embedded in the 'seed' of life. Therefore, it has sexual overtones.
In medical astrology, Mars represents the penis, connecting again to the image of the phallus and
the 'tool' by which the solar seed is delivered. The testicles are associated with the Sun.
The most prominent of conditions put on Mars is the sanitised version of Venusian principles of 'niceness'
and acceptability to others. You don't get far with Mars without Venus entering the picture.
The principles of masculinity or seeding and assertive drive can only exist in a dualistic world in
contrast with its archetypal partner, Venus. However, in overly moderating Mars we set ourselves up
for problems. Venus gains the upper hand and Mars becomes unhealthy, lethargic, contained and
suffocated. Those who do not allow Mars to be expressed but are constantly 'nice', seemly and decorous,
suppress their natural instincts. Eventually the repressed and enraged energy of Mars bursts forth
in bouts of anger, violence and aggression. Venus refines the primitive Mars and enables us to live in
a 'civilised' world but each in themselves needs to be expressed more clearly and we should be
consciously aware of both energies. This is the paradox. When one archetype dominates the other,
the result is inappropriate. The balance must be maintained for psychic health.
Rage is the dysfunctional expression of a suppressed Mars. We can be annoyed, pissed off,
defend our honour, our position, our opinion, our property, and express our desires in a healthy way
without resorting to anger. We should be allowed to do so, because the effects on health of not doing so
can be devastating.
Just the same, we do become angry. In doing so and recognising that we are operating the shadow side of
Mars, we honour that shadow and it become less able to control our actions. Annoyance or irritation
stimulates Mars into action and has then served its purpose. If such annoyance is expressed clearly
with Venus in mind, in other words, that the other person has a point of view too, it is honorable Mars.
If it brings with it years of suppressed rage, then it is inappropriate and murky. Often the smallest
trigger will bring with it years of accumulated force.
How do we keep Mars from being suppressed? By seeing it as an appropriate tool for self-expression.
If we have a sense of our own divinity, then we will not use Mars as a means to abuse the divine gift we carry.
The Divine has its counterpart in the Shadow. God has the Devil. God cannot exist as creative good
without the contrast of the Devil for destruction and evil, for how can we identify goodness without
the presence of evil for contrast? And so God and the Devil are bound up in the other.
Mars, in negative form, is capable of expressing the Devil just as much as it can positively express
the Divine. Mars does not evaluate, it simply acts on behalf of either master!
Mars is the primal survival force within, which deals entirely with 'I', 'Me', 'Myself'. Those words
are the words of the Divine Self, seeking mortal incarnation in the world. If we bear that in mind we
can use Mars clearly and use the perpetual energy as it is meant to be used - creatively. The position
of Mars in the chart illustrates how Mars is best expressed. Mars ought to be expressed directly,
spontaneously, immediately at the start of things, whatever the situation, in the way indicated by its
sign and in the experience expressed by its house. Clarity of source is essential to expressing Mars
in an assertive, non-aggressive way.
Anger often arises because one has waited too long to clarify something - both within oneself and
within one's relationships - just what it is one wants and how much space one needs to achieve it.
Anger and bloodlust is alien to the clarity that can be expressed. Remember Mars is 'the initiation',
so when you yourself become angry, you need to look to the initiating source of the anger, not its
present manifestation. This way you can be clear why you are angry and then turn the anger to better
purpose. Mars is never the source of anger but is the means by which it is expressed.
Therefore, the source and the means need to be clearly defined so that Mars can be expressed fruitfully.
Expressing our Mars is not as an observer; it is as a participant in our own creative process.
It is a tool by which we enable ourselves to be healthy at all levels.
Identifying its value as creatively beneficial to the Self enables us to use its energy appropriately.
Mars in the chart should be examined for its aspects with other planets.
The element connected to its sign placement will give an idea of the ways in which the creative seeds
brought by Mars can be sown. In Earth, energy is applied to the physical and needs to be expressed
that way. In Fire, it is applied through instinctive action and intuitve knowledge.
In Air, those seeds are for planting in the mind, to activate the intellect, and in water it touches
the emotions with passion, creating action through compassion.
Where you find the sign Aries is often the best house for creative expression of its energy.
has been a practising astrologer for over 25 years. She is the
Managing Director and Principal of the
Canopus Academy of Astrology, which offers correspondence and Online Internet Courses.
She is owner and general factotum of
Canopus Books - astrological mail-order bookshop. A lecturer, author, workshop facilitator and private consultant - visit Linda's astrology site at http://www.panplanet.com
© Linda Reid