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This article was published in the Mountain Astrologer Magazine, issue #110, Aug/Sep. 2003

As always in horary questions, the querent, the person asking the question, is signified by the ruler of the first house. The Moon, as the fastest planet, signifies action. The opponent, (in criminal cases the prosecutor), is signified by the ruler of the 7th house. The judge is signified by the ruler of the 10th house

In looking at lawsuits and criminal cases a key question is, who is stronger? The stronger the party, the better their chances of winning the case.

Traditional Astrology and Criminal Law, by Christopher Warnock, Esq.

Christopher Warnock Esq. practices as an appellate public defender in Washington D.C. Using the same sources that any thorough lawyer would use - trial transcripts, depositions, casebooks, law reviews, law reporters and such - his knowledge of Renaissance astrology gives him another source of valuable insight into his cases. In this article he offers an introduction to the traditional technique, demonstrated by five recent examples of his judgements.

Mr Warnock also hosts and maintains the Renaissance Astrology website, an extremely comprehensive site and highly recommended for students wishing to expand their knowledge of traditional astrological technique.

It was through the practice of criminal law that I became interested in astrology. The key issue in a case of mine concerned the definition of a month, [Turner v. Bayly, 673 A.2d 596 (D.C. App. 1996)]. A Washington D.C. statute provides that crimes punishable by up to 180 days' imprisonment do not require trial by jury. My client was charged with a crime punishable by up to six months in jail. Therefore, if a "month" could be considered simply 30 days, my client would not receive a jury trial. If "month" meant a calendar month, for example, from February 1 to March 1, my client would be entitled to trial by jury. We convinced the D.C. Court of Appeals that a month was a calendar month, but I found myself intrigued by the whole question of celestial cycles. Thus began my journey into astrology - a journey where law and astrology have been closely intertwined. I have used astrology in my legal practice, and many of my astrology clients have sought answers to legal questions.

I practice traditional horary and electional astrology. Traditional astrology is the type of astrology that was practiced in Europe between 1200 and 1700. Horary astrology answers specific questions by casting a chart for the position of the planets at the time of the question. Electional astrology chooses astrologically auspicious times to take action. Horary and electional astrology complement each other. Horary concerns fate, what will be, while electional focuses on free will, helping the querent determine the best time to take action.

In traditional horary, we look to the significators, (i.e., the planets representing important factors in the question), to determine the outcome. The significators are typically the planetary rulers of the appropriate houses, though we also examine the natural planetary rulers. We examine the strength of the significators, as indicated by the traditional system of essential dignity and debility, their placement in various houses, and the aspects which they make.

In his Christian Astrology, published in 1647, the famous English horary astrologer William Lilly gives rules for answering questions regarding the outcome of lawsuits. While framed in terms of civil cases, the rules work for criminal cases as well. As always in horary questions, the querent, the person asking the question, is signified by the ruler of the first house. The Moon, as the fastest planet, signifies action. The opponent, (in criminal cases the prosecutor), is signified by the ruler of the 7th house. The judge is signified by the ruler of the 10th house.[1]

Using Horary to Determine the Sentence

Our first example is a horary question asked by a father whose son was facing a federal mandatory minimum sentence for being peripherally involved in a conspiracy to sell heroin. The son had already pled guilty and the father wanted to know what sentence he would receive. The time when I receive and understand the question, according to William Lilly, is the best time for casting the chart. [2] In this case, that time was 5:35 pm, EDT, (+4) October 6, 2000 in Washington, D.C. 77W03 38N55. In the chart for this moment, seventeen degrees of Pisces rises, based upon the Regiomontanus system of houses, which I use for all of my examples.

In my examples, I will provide the prediction that I made in advance in writing. Hindsight is always 20/20, and merely looking back at the chart when one already knows the outcome does not, in my opinion, provide an adequate basis for judging the accuracy of astrological prediction.

The first issue to determine upon viewing a horary chart is whether or not it can provide a clear answer. This is termed the 'radicality' of the chart. Lilly lists what he calls, Considerations before Judgment, which are a number of technical conditions that can arise in the chart. [3] While Lilly advises not to judge the chart when these conditions are present, my experience has been that these conditions generally do not prevent us from judging the chart, but give additional, usually negative information. It has been hypothesized that these considerations before judgment were set forth to protect the astrologer from having to give the client an unfavorable prediction.

Chart 1: The Son's Sentence

I always check the chart initially, as Lilly advises, for sympathy between the rising sign and ruler of the planetary hour. [4] In this chart, it is lacking. Pisces rises and it is Saturn hour. Saturn does not rule Pisces, Saturn is cold and dry in the traditional scheme of the elements, while the ruler of Pisces, Jupiter, is warm and moist. Moreover, Saturn is the day ruler of the airy triplicity and is not the day, night, nor mixed ruler of the watery triplicity, of which Pisces is a member. (These are the Dorothean triplicity rulerships, so called because they were used by the classical astrologer Dorotheus of Sidon).[5] Thus the chart fails the first test of technical radicality. But this will not prevent us from judging the chart. I have made many accurate predictions with charts that lacked sympathy between the rising sign and planetary hour ruler, though it is an excellent initial sign of an accurate chart.

Since Pisces rises, the querent, (the father), is signified by Jupiter. Note that in traditional astrology Pisces is ruled by Jupiter, Aquarius by Saturn and Scorpio by Mars. We look to the ruler of the 5th house of children to signify the querent's son. The multiplicity of techniques and alternatives for determining the rulership of a house enhances the accuracy, but also the complexity, of horary astrology. The basic method of determining rulership of a house is to look to the sign that is on the cusp, (i.e., the first degree or boundary), of the house. In this case it is Cancer. As Cancer is ruled by the Moon, the Moon is thus the ruler of the 5th house.

Another method for determining the rulership of a house is to identify what Lilly calls the almuten. The almuten is the planet that has the greatest essential dignity at the boundary, i.e., the cusp of the house. To determine this, we score each of the essential dignities, +5 for sign rulership, +4 for exaltation rulership, +3 for the current triplicity ruler, +2 for term and +1 for face.[6] At eleven degrees of Cancer, which is on the cusp or boundary of the 5th house, the Moon is assigned +5 for being the sign ruler, Jupiter +4 for being the exaltation ruler. Jupiter receives an additional +2 for being term ruler and Mercury +1 for being face ruler. As Jupiter has a total score of +6, he has a greater score than the sign ruler, the Moon, and so is the almuten of the 5th house. Thus Jupiter could be used as an alternative or additional ruler of the 5th house. In this case, I used it as an additional ruler of the house, i.e., significator of the son.

Both the Moon and Jupiter, signifying the son, are seriously afflicted. The Moon is slow; it is moving more slowly than its average rate.[7] The Moon is also in detriment; it is in Capricorn, the sign opposite the sign it rules, Cancer. Jupiter is in detriment, retrograde, slow and dignified only by term, a rather weak dignity. This accurately reflects the son's situation.

We note also that the Moon could be described as 'void of course', since she will not be making any more aspects until she changes sign. Being void of course is included in the 'considerations before judgment'. Lilly says this indicates that the situation may stagnate: "[A]ll manner of matter goe hardly onů" [8] This is a good example of why flexibility and judgment are necessary for good horary analysis. Clearly this matter will be accomplished; it is extremely unlikely that the querent's son will not be sentenced. In addition, as we shall see, refusing to judge the chart would have deprived us of an accurate prediction.

Two additional factors in the chart deserve our attention. First, since the Moon represents one of the actors, the son, it can no longer signify the querent's actions, as it otherwise would. Secondly, the Moon, while in the last degree of her detriment, Capricorn, is less than one degree away from perfecting a trine to Saturn and thus greatly improving her dignity by moving into Aquarius. These two considerations mitigate the significance of the void of course Moon. Therefore, using my legal knowledge regarding this particular question as well as the factors in this chart, we can apply a more nuanced approach.

Since the son has pled guilty and the judge is required to give a sentence of at least a set number of years imprisonment, the question really is whether the judge will impose the minimum term of imprisonment or impose a harsher sentence. In other words, will the outcome be merely bad or will it be much worse? 'Turning the chart' is a very useful horary technique, which provides more information. When we ask a question on behalf of another person, we can also look at the chart from his or her perspective. To do this, we consider the house that represents the person to be his or her ascendant. (This complicates matters somewhat as we still continue to look at the original houses, technically called the radix (Latin: root) houses). In this case, since the son is signified by the ruler of the 5th house, this house is viewed as his ascendant. Thus, the prosecutor can be signified by the ruler of the 7th house from the 5th house, which is the 11th house (the counting includes the 5th). The ruler of the 11th house is Saturn.

We note first that the son's significator, the Moon, is making a mutually applying trine with Saturn. The trine is mutually applying because Saturn is retrograde and thus both planets are moving towards each other. (Often a trine or sextile between the significators of the defendant and the prosecutor indicates a plea, which was the case here). Saturn is dignified by triplicity, but it is also retrograde and conjunct Algol, the most malefic fixed star.

The prosecutor is in a stronger position than the son as his significator, Saturn, is stronger. Moreover, the fact that the son's significator, the Moon, is in Saturn's sign reveals that the son is under the prosecutor's power. Saturn is also the ruler of the radix 12th house of imprisonment. Saturn's contact with the son's significator does not bode well, as it indicates imprisonment. However, we are starting to see indications of a lesser sentence of imprisonment, since a trine is a favorable aspect.

The next aspect made by the Moon is a conjunction with Neptune. While I do not use the modern planets (i.e., Neptune, Uranus, and Pluto) as sign rulers, they do give important secondary information. Neptune is associated with both drugs and conspiracy, reflecting the facts of our case. The next aspect of the Moon is a trine with Jupiter, the Greater Benefic. This aspect is over 11 degrees from perfection, but still within orb, according to Lilly. [9] This is a positive aspect, though the extreme weakness of the son's significator lessens its benefic quality. Finally, the Moon is in the last degree of Capricorn and about to pass into Aquarius. Thus it ceases to be detriment and peregrine and becomes only peregrine. This is some improvement, although it is still afflicted.

A notable factor in this chart is that the almuten of the 1st house (the querent), the 5th house (the son) and the 10th house (the judge) is Jupiter. This indicates to me that the judge is sympathetic to the son and father. But given the weak state of Jupiter, he is also relatively powerless. However, the presence of the North Node in the 5th house does help the son, and the fixed star Achernar, of the nature of Jupiter, is on the ascendant, showing a benefit to the querent.

Overall, the chart indicates that the prosecutor is in a much stronger position than the son, who is seriously afflicted. The positive factors present are not enough to overcome the malefic state of the significators, but they do suggest that the sentence will be closer to the minimum than the maximum. This reading of the chart was correct, as the son received a sentence close to the minimum required by law.

Using an Event Chart to Determine the Sentence

Our next example illustrates an interesting variation. It uses an event chart instead of a horary. Rather than using the chart of the moment the question was posed, we use the chart of an event scheduled in the future, in this case, another sentencing. We use horary rules to interpret event charts, but we do not need to consider radicality or considerations before judgment because we have a set time.

My client was worried about a friend who had been arrested and convicted of felony drunk driving. His case was docketed for sentencing on March 27, 2002. Because he had previous convictions for the same offense, as an attorney I believed that a serious jail sentence was likely. The chart is for 8:17 am EST (+5) on March 27, 2002 for Bangor, Maine, (44N48, 68W46). I have shifted the time and the location of the chart to shield the subject's identity, although it matches the original in all respects. Here, 10° Gemini rises.

The key to accurately reading any chart is the proper choice of significators. In a horary chart, the 1st house represents the querent, but here we are dealing with an event chart. There is some controversy over the proper choice of significators for this type of chart, but Lilly says that the 1st house is for the plaintiff or prosecuting party, in this case the government, and the 7th house is the house of the defendant.[10] Since Gemini rises, the government is signified by Mercury, who is severely afflicted. Mercury is in detriment and fall, and is also going to combustion. But as Lilly only counts combustion when the Sun and the other planet are in the same sign, this reduces the malefic effect somewhat.[11]

Chart 2:  Event Chart for  a Sentence

The fixed star Aldebaran is conjunct the Ascendant. Although Aldebaran is essentially malefic, it is also of the nature of Mars and thus good for fighting.[12] Sagittarius is on the cusp of the 7th house, and thus Jupiter is the significator of the defendant. Jupiter is dignified by exaltation and is located in the succedent 2nd house. The South Node afflicts the 7th house by its presence. The ruler of the 10th house, Saturn, represents the judge. Saturn is dignified by triplicity and in a partile conjunction of the Ascendant. Because Saturn is in the Ascendant, (the house of the government), and in Gemini, (the sign ruled by the government's significator, Mercury), the judge favors the government.

In looking at lawsuits and criminal cases a key question is, who is stronger? [13] The stronger the party, the better their chances of winning the case. Here there can be no doubt that the 7th ruler, Jupiter, signifying the defendant, is far stronger than the 1st ruler, Mercury, signifying the prosecutor. Jupiter is a superior planet and exalted. Mercury is an inferior planet, in detriment and fall, and even in the sign of Jupiter, an indication of capture.

Nevertheless, Jupiter's strength is not absolute. The South Node afflicts him by being in the 7th house. Lilly says the South Node of the Moon, Caput Draconis, causes, "much wrangling and great controversy."[14] Also Jupiter has just separated by two minutes from a square of the Sun, which is an affliction. Still, contrary to my legal sense of the case, it appears that the friend will prevail! It certainly looks as if there will be no jail time, but some lesser punishment.

Another interesting point in this case was that the client was very worried about his friend and repeatedly asked me the same question. Contemporary horary authorities have asserted that you cannot ask the same question more than once, and expect to obtain accurate answers. [15] My experience has been that, if the querent cares enough about the issue, and waits a reasonable time before repeating the question, then additional charts will provide accurate variations of the same answer. This was true for this client. Several horaries and event charts for the friend's other court dates predicted that he would receive only mild punishment. And so it was. He first received only a sentence of 90 days imprisonment, which was then suspended to 30 days of house arrest with an electronic monitor.

Using Event Charts for Missing Persons

Another use of event charts is to help locate missing persons. Generally the event used is the time that the person was last seen or when their disappearance was reported to the police.

In May of 2001, Washington, D.C. and soon the rest of the country, was engulfed by speculation over the disappearance of Chandra Levy, a congressional intern. While I was not directly involved in this case, which was later ruled to be a homicide, the events took place less than two miles from my residence. In May and July of 2001, I analyzed two charts for Ms. Levy's disappearance.

The first chart represents the last known communication from Ms. Levy, an e-mail sent on May 1, 2001 at 10:45 am, EDT, from her apartment in Washington, D.C.[16] In this chart, 20 degrees of Cancer rises, and the fixed star Castor is on the ascendant. Castor, says astrologer Vivian Robson, is of the nature of Mercury, and if rising, gives "blindness, bad eyes, injuries to the face, disgrace, stabs, wounds and imprisonment." [17]

Chart 3: Chandra Levy's Last Communication

While there is some controversy about properly assigning the significators in a missing person chart, generally, when the astrologer has no relationship to the missing person, the first house is taken to represent that person. The ruler of the 1st house, the Moon, is therefore Ms. Levy's significator. It is which is peregrine (i.e. without essential dignity and thus weak) and in the 2nd house. Peregrine literally means "a stranger or traveler". The Moon applies to oppose Uranus in the 8th house, which traditional astrologers called the house of death.[18] The Moon then applies to a trine of Mars, almuten of the 5th house of pleasure and of the 7th house of open enemies. The moon then applies a square to Saturn, ruler of the 7th house of open enemies, and of the 8th house of death. Saturn, the Greater Malefic and ruler of the 8th house, is stronger than the victim's significator, the Moon, and afflicts the 11th house of hopes and dreams. This is an ominous chart, particularly the square between 1st and 8th house rulers, with Saturn, the greater malefic, as 8th house ruler.

The second chart is the for the previous last sighting of Ms. Levy at a health club, April 30, 2001 around 7:30 pm EDT Washington, D.C.[19] In this chart, 5 degrees of Scorpio rises and the ascendant is in the Via Combusta, a region of malefic fixed stars extending from 15 Libra to 15 Scorpio, which indicates troubles and difficulties.

chart 4: Chandra Levy's Last Sighting

The 1st house ruler and significator of the missing person, Ms. Levy, is Mars, which is weakly dignified by term and conjunct the 3rd house cusp. The third house rules short journeys.[20] We note the presence of the malefic South Node of the Moon afflicting the 3rd house and the victim's journey. Mars is conjunct the malefic fixed star Acumen, which is of the nature of Mars and the Moon, and causes blindness.[21]

The Moon, signifying Ms. Levy and her actions, is peregrine in the 10th house and conjunct the malefic fixed star Acubens, which is of the nature of Saturn and Mercury, and is called "the sheltering or hiding place."[22] It indicates activity, malevolence and poisons, and also liars and criminals. The Moon is mutually applying to a partile (almost exact) square to retrograde Pluto, the god of the underworld. Lilly says a mutual application is an "ill application," showing sudden change.[23] In modern horary, Pluto indicates violence and can be an indication of violent death. [24]

The next aspect of the Moon is a square to the 8th house ruler Mercury, who is in the 7th house and under the Sun's beams. Lilly says that contacts between the moon and 8th house ruler indicate death.[25] The 1st house ruler, Mars, separates from a square of the 12th house ruler, Venus, which, Lilly says, indicates the victim "..hath lately been much troubled in mind and in fear of imprisonment and arrest."[26]

Lilly says that the 8th house ruler or a planet in the 8th house indicates the nature of the death. In this case, Mercury in Taurus is the 8th house ruler, and Saturn and Jupiter in Gemini are in the 8th house. Normally Jupiter in the 8th would be quite helpful, but without essential dignity here, he can do little, and in fact may even afflict the 8th house because he is in detriment. Gemini is a humane sign, indicating death by man, and an air sign, indicating death from a fall or strangling. [27]

Since we have strong indications of death, what does the chart say about the location of the body? We look again to Ms. Levy's significator, the ruler of the 1st house, which is Mars. Mars is in Sagittarius, which Lilly says represents "[a] Stable of great Horses or Horses for the Wars, or a House where usually great foure-footed beasts are kept".[28] This is interesting, as the U.S. Park Police have a stable and training ground nearby in Rock Creek Park, D.C.'s central park. Sagittarius also represents fields, hills and the highest part of grounds and houses. [29] The Moon, also signifying the missing person, is in Leo. Leo represents woods and forests, steep rocky places, castles, forts and parks. In modern astrology, Leo represents zoos. [30] The National Zoo is also nearby in Rock Creek Park.

Lilly's rules for locating lost objects can also used for missing persons. Here the Moon is angular, as it is in the 10th house. This indicates that the body is nearby. Mars is in the 3rd house, which also indicates that the body is in the victim's neighborhood. Both the Moon and Mars are on the cusps of their respective houses, so the victim may be in between walls, rocks, or behind something.[31] Taking the location where Ms. Levy was last seen as the base point, we also note that, according to Lilly, Sagittarius indicates a southeastern direction for her body, and Leo indicates a northeastern direction. The 3rd house suggests a northeasterly direction and the 10th house suggests south.[32] The Zoo and Park Police stable are nearby, and are basically to the North, but more to the East than West of the point of last sighting. So the victim is nearby, and up higher. The victim is behind or between something. Washington in this area is quite hilly and Rock Creek Park has some very steep ravines. The park is quite long, though not too wide, and has many woods and trails. The Park Police stable and the Zoo are also in Rock Creek Park.

In July of 2001, the Washington Post reported that Ms. Levy had looked up a map site on the Internet for the Klingle Mansion in Rock Creek Park, before logging off her laptop computer for the last time. I took another look at my map of Rock Creek Park, and I noted that north of the Zoo and Klingle Mansion, there are a number of civilian riding facilities, including an "Equitation Field", trails and the Horse Center. The information about Klingle Mansion led me to believe that Ms. Levy's body was north of the Zoo, but south of the Horse Center. On May 22, 2002, the body was found in Rock Creek Park. As predicted from the chart, she was dead, her body was nearby, it was found on a rocky, woody slope, north of the National Zoo and south of the riding stables. The D.C. Medical Examiner found that the cause of death was homicide and she probably had been strangled, also as the chart indicated.[33]

An Appeal judged by an Event Chart

Event chart analysis can be used for a wide variety of legal situations. My current criminal practice is predominately appellate. Our next example is an event chart for oral argument before the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, the highest court of the District of Columbia. This case, Williams v. United States, 783 A.2d 598 (D.C.App. 2001), involved important constitutional issues, including the right to effective assistance of counsel. Oral argument was to be en banc, that is before the entire court of nine judges, instead of the usual three. The hearing was scheduled for 9:30 a.m., EDT, September 10, 2001 in Washington, D.C.

Chart 5: A Succesful Appeal

In this chart, 20 degrees of Libra rises. The 1st house represents my client, as he is the appellant, or plaintiff, and the prosecuting party in the appeal. The ruler of the 1st house is Venus, dignified by term and in the angular 10th house.

Our opponent, the government, is signified by Mars, ruler of the 7th house, dignified by exaltation, but afflicted by being conjunct the South Node and in the cadent 3rd house. Mars is an appropriate significator for the prosecutor, as it naturally signifies the police and prosecutors. Lilly says Mars rules "Marshals...Bailiffs". [34] The Court is signified by the Moon, ruler of the 10th house, who is peregrine and conjunct the cadent 9th house cusp. The Moon separates from Saturn and applies to a sextile of Venus.

First we examine the relative strengths of the significators, a key question in a legal chart. Mars, significator of the government, is strong in his exaltation (+4), but conjunct the South Node. Lilly says a partile (i.e., same degree) conjunction with the South Node is -4, so we'll assign it a -2 or -3. Venus, significator of the defendant, is dignified by term, which is not a very strong dignity, but she is angular. So each side has definite strengths as well as weaknesses. Lilly says, "See which [of the 1st or 7th house ruler] is in aspect to an evil planet in a cadent house; that party will be overcome and defeated." We can analogize the malefic South Node to an evil planet. Thus the government loses. Also Lilly says, "He is strongest who is in an angle and in some of his essential dignities; the greater his strength is; how much the greater the Essential dignity is wherein he is". [35] Again, this indicates that we will win.

However, when defending a criminal appeal, the government is always strong, thus it is not surprising that Mars is exalted. Exaltation is an appropriate dignity, as well, since it is associated with kingship and government. The medieval Arabic astrologer Mashallah says that "...exaltations are of greater authority [in matters] of kingship...than the lord of the [sign]."[36] Robert Zoller states in his Diploma Course that exaltations give quick, dramatic results, but don't last. Also we would note that Mars has just entered Capricorn and is in the first degree. The medieval Italian astrologer Guido Bonatti says that a planet is not fixed in a sign until it has passed one degree.[37] The government apparently has mixed strength and weakness.

Now we shall consider the connections between the Court, represented by the 10th house ruler, the Moon, and our side, represented by the 1st house ruler, Venus. Venus is in the 10th house, and the Moon, ruler of the 10th house, applies to a sextile of Venus. In his rules for war, which also apply to lawsuits, Bonatti says if the lord of the 1st house is in the 10th house and is joined to the lord of the 10th house, it signifies that the 1st house ruler will be stronger than all that come against him and will conquer.[38] Lilly says, "If the lord of the tenth be more light than the lord of the ascendant, and joyned unto him, he will doe the querent's business, though he never speak unto him..." [39]

My overall sense is that Mars, signifying the prosecutor, despite being a superior planet, is seriously afflicted by the South Node and by being cadent and does not gain much strength by being in the first degree of Capricorn. The presence of Venus, (our signifier), in the 10th house, and the Moon, (the court's signifier, as ruler of the 10th house), applying to a sextile is very encouraging. However, the Moon is very weak. Thus I anticipated that the judges would be sympathetic to our case, but may not be swayed sufficiently to change a major precedent.

The outcome of the case was very interesting, and re-emphasized an important lesson: let the chart speak for itself. When I looked at this chart to determine when the decision would be issued, I saw that the Moon was about 2 degrees away from perfecting its sextile to Venus. The Moon was in Gemini, a common (mutable) sign, indicating weeks or months, and in a succedent house, also indicating weeks or months, whereas Venus was in a fixed sign, indicating years, and an angular house, indicating days.[40] All this suggests we would receive a favorable decision from the Court of Appeals in about two months. But my previous legal experience led me astray. I could not believe that the Court would issue a decision so quickly, as I have had cases that took over a year from oral argument to decision. Still, just as the chart predicted, about two months later, the Court came down with a most positive decision. We did not win on every point, but we won the case and established a very positive precedent.

Legal questions were just as important to our astrological predecessors as they are to us; Lilly lists five pages of rules for interpreting legal questions in his magnum opus, Christian Astrology. My experience has been that the traditional methods work well, producing precise, specific predictions and aiding both my astrological and legal practices.

Notes & References:

  1] William Lilly, Christian Astrology [1647] (Regulus, London) page 372.
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  2] Ibid., page 166.
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  3] Ibid, pp. 121-123.
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  4] See: Planetary Hour Rulership in Horary
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  5] The Dorothean Triplicity rulers are listed in the table below

Dorothean Triplicity Rulers For details of their use and philosophy see: The Classical Use of Triplicities
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  6] The details of dignity rulership are available in Ptolemy's Table of Essential Dignities

The tutorial 'Understanding Planetary Dignity and Debility' explains how dignity rulerships are read and applied in practice.
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  7] The Moon's average daily motion is 13°10'. See the glossary item 'Slow in Course' for details of other average planetary speeds.
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  8] Christian Astrology, page 122.
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  9] Lilly allows a 12° orb between the Moon and Jupiter. Traditionally, orbs are dictated by the planets involved, not the aspects involved.
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  10] Christian Astrology, pages 54, 403.
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  11] Christian Astrology, page 113,
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  12] Vivian Robson, Fixed Stars and Constellations in Astrology, [1923] (Sun Publishing, New Mexico, 1995), page 119.
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  13] Christian Astrology, page 369.
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  14] Ibid., page 83.
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  15] See, e.g. Olivia Barclay, Horary Astrology Rediscovered (Whitford, West Chester Pennsylvania, 1990) page 28.
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  16] Source: Washington Post, May 18, 2001, page A14.
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  17] Robson, Fixed Stars, page 155.
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  18] Christian Astrology, page 55.
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  19] Source: Washington Post, May 18, 2001, page A14.
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  20] Christian Astrology, page 52.
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  21] Robson, Fixed Stars, page 117.
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  22] Ibid., page 116.
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  23] Christian Astrology, page 107.
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  24] Horary Practitioner, January 1992, page 14, citing Barbara Watters, Horary Astrology and the Judgment of Events, [Valhalla Press, 1960], page 60-61.
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  25] Christian Astrology, page 151.
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  26] Ibid., page 151.
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  27] Ibid., page 645.
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  28] Ibid., page 98
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  29] Ibid., page 98.
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  30] Ibid, page 95; Horary Practitioner, April/May 1989, page 7, citing Barbara Watters, Horary Astrology and the Judgment of Events.
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  31] Christian Astrology, page 202, 203.
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  32] Ibid., page 204.
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  33] Washington Post, May 22 & 29, July 13, 2002
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  34] Christian Astrology, page 67.
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  35] Ibid., pp. 115, 369, 373
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  36] Masha' Allah, On Reception, trans. Robert Hand, ARHAT ed., 1998, Chap. 1, page 3.
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  37] Guido Bonatti, Animae Astrologiae, 58th Consideration (JustUs, Issaqquah, WA 1996), page 15.
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  38] Guido Bonatti, Liber Astronomiae, Tractatus Sextus, trans. Robert Zoller, 'Astrology Quarterly', Volume 63(2), page 20.
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  39] Christian Astrology, page 374.
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  40] Ibid., page 374.
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Christopher Warnock, EsqChristopher Warnock, Esq., practices as an appellate public defender and Renaissance astrologer in Washington, D.C. He received an M.A. (Hons.), concentrating in Renaissance and early modern history from the University of St. Andrews (Scotland) and a J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School.

Mr. Warnock has studied with the leading traditional astrologers in America and is a graduate of Lee Lehman's Classical Studies in Horary course. He was a faculty member at the United Astrology Conference in Orlando in 2002. He has published in Horary Practitioner, the Astrological Association Journal, the Mountain Astrologer and the Llewellyn Moon Sign Books for 2002 and 2003. He has appeared on the Science Channel series, "Critical Eye."

Mr. Warnock is available for traditional electional and horary consultations and specializes in Renaissance astrological magic. He teaches several courses in astrological magic. He can be reached at (202) 234-6756 or by e-mail at

His Renaissance Astrology web site,, is the largest traditional astrology site with over 300 pages of material.

© Christopher Warnock, Esq

Horary Astrology

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